The Public Health (Amendment) Act, 2022 in Uganda will enforce stiffer penalties on those who violate its provisions, including jail terms of up to one year or a fine of Shs5m, or both.
The legislation, which was approved by President Museveni on February 8, gives the government the power to act against violators of public health, such as parents who refuse to vaccinate their children, and requires individuals to report outbreaks of unusual diseases and disclose contacts.
The new law focuses on preventing and managing infectious diseases and epidemics, and imposes fines ranging from hundreds of thousands to millions of shillings.
In addition, a person who willfully spreads an infectious disease in public places will suffer a penalty of Shs3m or imprisonment for a year, or both.
The Act also requires individuals to show proof of mandatory inoculations, such as certificates, for their children in order to enroll them in schools.
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